Halloumi or Hellim (Turkish) is the Cypriot national cheese – made from milk of cow, sheep and goat. It tastes terrifically, no matter if grilled, baked, boiled or raw.
circa 9000 B.C.
Earliest settlement of the island.
Mycenaeans and Achaeans from Peloponnese in Greece arrive in Cyprus; discovery of copper on the island brings trade and wealth.
Alternating reign of Phoenicians, Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians.
Roman era; Julius Caesar and later Marc Antony give Cyprus to Cleopatra, the Queen of Egypt, as proof of passion; in 45 A.D. the apostles Paul and Barnabas succeed in converting the Roman proconsul Sergius Paulus to Christianity; Cyprus becomes the world’s first country to be governed by a Christian.
Byzantine period; recurrent Arab raids.
Richard the Lionheart occupies the island during his crusade to the Holy Land and sells it to the Order of the Knights Templar, who cede the isle to the French crusader, Guy de Lusignan; reign of the Franks until 1489, subsequently Venetian reign.
Cyprus is a province in the Ottoman Empire.
Cyprus is leased to Great Britain; in 1925 the island becomes a British crown colony.
Cyprus becomes an independent republic.
Facing conflicts between Turkish and Greek Cypriots, the country is on the brink of civil war.
After a military coup against president Makarios, which is initiated by the junta in Greece, military intervention of Turkish troops; territorial division of the country.
Foundation of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus; the state is not internationally recognised.
The Republic of Cyprus becomes a member state of the European Union.
- Government Web Portal of the Republic of Cyprus
- Press and Information Office Republic of Cyprus
- Foreign Ministry of the internationally not recognized TRNC
- The European Commission Representation in Cyprus
- British Council Cyprus
- Association for Historical Dialogue and Research
- Cyprus Tourism Organisation
- British High Commission Nicosia
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