EOKA

Wednesday, 20. June 2012 Website Admin

„EOKA“ („Ethniki Organosis Kiprion Agoniston“ – „National Organization of Cypriot Fighters“), the military wing of the „Enosis“-movement formed by Colonel George Grivas, started in April 1955 a guerrilla campaign against British colonial rule aimed at self-determination and union with Greece (Enosis). The violently attacks were against the British but hit the Turkish Cypriots, too. In response to the growing demand for Enosis, a number of Turkish Cypriots became convinced that the only way to protect their interests and identity of the Turkish Cypriot population in the event of Enosis would be to divide the island into Turkish and Greek portions - a policy known as “Taksim“ (partition). In 1958 the TMT (Türk Mudafa Teskilat = Turkish Defence Organisation) was founded to fight the EOKA activity. Those events created mistrust and civil strife between the two Cypriot communities.

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